MF Marketplace

Agricultural Bank Offers CFPA Microfinance RMB 200 Million Wholesale Loan

Posted in MF Marketplace on October 20th, 2009 by Yam Ki – 4 Comments

According to a Sohu Article, the Agricultural Bank of China (ABC) has offered CFPA Microfinance a 200 million yuan wholesale loan.

Based on my research of CFPA Microfinance, this will be CFPA Microfinance’s third wholesale loan agreement.  The first was with the China Development Bank back in December 2006 for 100 million yuan and the second was a revolving credit facility with Standard Chartered Bank in January 2008 for 20 million yuan.

Such wholesale loan agreement is a win-win for both parties.  CFPA Microfinance gets additional funds to expand its loan capital and ABC meets the three agricultural dimensions policy loan requirement (三农) mandated by the government.  Moreover, ABC doesn’t have to waste its time making microfinance loans on its own, which it has done poorly in the past.  Depending on how much leeway ABC with its auditors on how to classify the loan (whether it is considered to be implicitly government backed), it may only need to be put up minimum capital reserve requirements.

This agreement not only increases CFPA Microfinance’s loan capital, it solidifies the MFI’s lead in China’s microfinance sector.

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Recent Microfinance Activity in China-Grameen Bank, SKS, and HSBC

Posted in MF Marketplace on October 15th, 2009 by Yam Ki – 7 Comments

Sorry I haven’t been posting much lately.  Classes and midterms at SIPA seem to be getting in the way.  If only I could count my blog posts as papers for class!

Lately, there has been a few noteworthy news pieces on China’s microfinance development.  Dr. Yunus announced at the Clinton Global Initiative that it will be starting a bank in Sichuan.  Jack Ma’s Alibaba is said to contribute $5 million to kick start lending.  Dr. Yunus has been trying to start a true Grameen Bank in China since 2006.  I am not sure if the small loan company license (小额贷款公司) has been issued yet, but you have to give them credit for trying.  Perhaps the announcement is to increase pressure for the government to hand over licenses quick.

Vikram Akula of SKS recently wrote an Op-Ed in the WSJ about opening up investments in MFIs in China.  He is definitely correct in pointing out that most casual observers who sees China as ‘developed’ and don’t need microfinance is wrong.  He is also correct that the sector needs to open up.  But I would have like to see what his ideas are in terms of liberalizing the sector.  Allowing foreign investment is definitely one option (which he is, of course, interested in), but what else can China do domestically?  Are there different models that he can share given India and SKS’s experience?  As he pointed out, current regulations do not allow MFIs to take deposits.  What then, are the risks of the MFIs?  What should MFIs who do not take deposits be aware of in terms of managing risks?

Lastly, a press release from from HSBC came out yesterday that it has partnered with Women’s World Banking (WWB) in provided microloans through its rural banks in China, specifically in Hebei’s Suizhou branch and Chongqing Dazu branch.  According to a Caijing article, the product is called “Happy Loans” (”贷款乐”).  The product has been piloting for 3 months in Suizhou and is currently being expanded.  What is WWB’s role in this partnership?  Is it providing operational expertise?  If so, does this mean that WWB (and perhaps MFIs in general) is better at assessing credit worthiness of low-income borrowers than a large multinational bank such as HSBC?  Or is HSBC simply outsourcing it’s operation activities to WWB?  From previous research, it seems that HSBC Rural Bank’s branches tend to focus only on export oriented areas (mostly exporting mushrooms actually), specifically for SMEs.  Are they moving away from SME finance and moving towards ‘real’ microfinance?  What are the terms of the loans?

Questions to ponder during my midterms.

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Chinese Microentrepreneurs May Get Legal Licenses!

Posted in MF Marketplace, MF Talent, SAIC Policy on July 23rd, 2009 by Yam Ki – 1 Comment

Fry Tofu Seller in Beijing

Happy Fry Tofu Seller in Beijing

China’s State Council just issued a draft ordinance that allows street vendors and other microentrepreneurs to register for permits and recruit employees legally. The draft ordinance, titled “Individual and Household Business Ordinance (Draft)” / “个体工商户条例(征求意见稿)“, will allow micro-enterprises to get access to loans from alternative sources such as small loan companies and village banks. read more »

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Standard Chartered Village Bank Offers Unsecured Loans to Farmers

Posted in Inner Mongolia, MF Marketplace on July 9th, 2009 by Yam Ki – Be the first to comment
Standard Chartered Flyer

Standard Chartered Flyer

The hype around Village Banks is finally delivering something real.  Standard Chartered Village Bank in Inner Mongolia made an announcement yesterday that it will offer unsecured credit to farmers.

Established in August 2007 by the CBRC, Village Banks (VB) were seen as the path to bring credit to China’s rural areas.  Like microcredit companies, VBs can only mobilize deposit and make loans within their county of incorporation.  Three foreign banks have established local branches under read more »

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Microfinance–Everyone is doing it!

Posted in MF Marketplace on June 25th, 2009 by Yam Ki – Be the first to comment

Everyone is getting excited about microfinance in China. What’s there not to like? It’s “micro” (aka grassroots and chic) and its finance (yay, money!). If someone can win a Nobel Peace prize for it, it has to be good right?

Photo Credit: FXCaliber

Photo Credit: FXCaliber

The Chinese government is so eager about it, it has tried to promote it (by my count) seven different times: Rural Credit Cooperatives, Agricultural Development Bank loans, Microcredit Companies, Village Banks, Rural Mutual Credit Cooperatives, Small Loan Companies, and Postal Savings Bank loans.

The private sector is also excited with thousands of registered guarantee companies and small loan companies. Not to mention the hundreds of companies registered with consulting / management licenses that engage in lending-like business model.  With the latest round of government push for microfinance to help the rural poor and the unemployed, even web entrepreneurs are jumping in for some action.  Many of these online sites are throwing around the word “microfinance” along with “P2P lending” and “social responsibility” for added chic.

But are they really microfinance? read more »

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